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Jacobean: Period in English design from 1603 to 1688, characterized by practicality and a tendency toward Baroque. Early American furniture is based on this period. Box-like and architectural in style.
jacquard: Type of weave done on a loom invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in 1801, making possible a variety of intricate patterns. Damasks, brocades, and tapestries can be woven on jacquard looms.
japanning: A process much used in the 18th century by which furniture and metalwork were enameled with colored shellac and the decoration raised and painted with gold and other colors.
jardinière: Planter. A French term used to identify a decorative china or metal cachepot designed to hold a small potted plant or cut flowers.
joinery: The craft of assembling woodwork by means of mortise and tenon, dovetail, tongue and groove, dowels, etc.